The entire history of the Inca Empire is a fascinating one, and if you’ve visited or are planning a visit to Peru, you might be interested in learning about it as well. The Inca Empire, also known as the Inka or the Incan Empire, was a nation of South American Indians ruling from today’s Peru.
After first appearing in the Andes region in the 12th century, the Inca gradually built a massive kingdom known as Tawantinsuyu. With more than 12 million inhabitants and spanning northern Ecuador to central Chile, the empire had more than 100 ethnic groups during its peak.
Despite their prowess, the Inca Empire only lasted for a brief hundred years, between 1438 to 1533. So, the question has to be asked, how did the Inca Empire fall? Let’s find out!
The Four Factors That Led to Inca Empire’s Fall
Inca Empire’s fall wasn’t a direct consequence of a single factor, but instead, it can be explained through the four factors that contributed to the Fall of Inca Empire. Let’s take a look at these factors.
One of the most significant factors that led to the fall of the Incan Empire was diseases, specifically Smallpox. It arrived way before the Spanish did, and this disease was brought to Peru by European traders.
It is estimated that Smallpox killed more than two hundred thousand Incas and weakened most of their population.
2. Advanced Weaponry
Advanced weaponry was another factor that contributed to the fall of the Inca Empire. The Spanish brought armor, cannons, horses, and guns with them.
These weapons were used in killing thousands of Inca soldiers while none of the 168 Spanish Conquistadors were killed during the battle, highlighting the importance of advanced weaponry.
3. Atahualpa’s Capture
When the Spanish arrived, Atahualpa, the Sapa Inca, was captured, mainly because he didn’t want to convert to Christianity. To gain his freedom, Atahualpa asked his people to fill a room with precious jewels. Once this happened, Pizzaro killed him, knowing that he was no longer needed. The disorder that followed in the empire helped the Spanish defeat the Inca.
4. Internal Strife
The internal problems facing the Inca also helped the Spanish cause. Before Pizzaro’s arrival to Peru, a civil war was brewing between the emperor’s sons Hualscar and Atahualpa. They were fighting each other to become the emperor, and the end of the civil war saw their armies weakened.
Take a Machu Picchu Tour to Learn More About the Inca Empire
If you’re interested in learning more about the Inca Empire or their wondrous capital Cusco or the majestic Machu Picchu, there’s no better way to learn than to take a tour. Andean Soul Adventure offers Machu Picchu vacation packages and tour packages in Cusco.
Get in touch with them today to learn more about their travel packages.