Eye problems are often masked in plain sight and you barely notice any symptoms until they harm your eyesight. Your brain adapts to these issues, which distract you from labelling it as vision loss.
In the UK, eyesight issues such as computer vision syndrome, hazy vision, and eye fatigue are very common. Without proper prevention, these problems can worsen with time. Moreover, vision problems can also lead to higher risk of slip and falls and road accidents.
Here are 6 common eye issues that people experience. If you feel like any of these apply to you, it’s never too late to reach out to an ophthalmologist.
1. Macular Degeneration
It is identified by damage to the macula, which is a part of the retina that perceives sharp vision. Overtime, the cells of the macula break down leading to gradual or sudden changes in vision quality.
Prevalent in people over the age of 40, symptoms such as dark spots and blurriness may appear in the centre of your vision, in addition to straight lines appearing wavy and difficulty seeing in dim lighting.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for this problem yet, but laser treatment and medications can slow MD’s progress.
The formation of a cloudy and milky white area in the eye lens is known as cataracts. Most cataracts are age-related and prevalent in people over 50, but they can still develop at any age.
Light is unable pass through to the retina, which leads to a cloudy vision. You can choose to replace your cataract with an artificial one. If left untreated, it can cause severe vision loss.
Glaucoma is an eye issue that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve and becomes worse overtime. People with glaucoma have increased pressure in their eyes. This can even cause blind spots.
Surgery, laser, or eye drops can treat this eye condition after detection.
4. Dry Eyes
Tears help keep your eyes lubricated. This is essential for healthy vision. However, sometimes, eyes do not make enough tears, leading to dry eyes problem. You can experience uncomfortable itching, burning or stinging sensation and eye fatigue as a result.
Medications, eye drops and change to lifestyle can help with this problem.
5. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is caused by high blood sugar. It causes damage to the tiny blood vessels present in the retina. If high blood sugar persists, these vessels swell, weaken and interfere with your vision.
Symptoms include blurred vision, loss of vision and floating dark spots. Laser surgery and photocoagulation (laser treatment for the retina) can prevent vision loss.
6. Refractive Errors
This problem occurs when the shape of the eye cannot bend and focus light on the retina. Symptoms include blurred vision, seeing a halo around bright lights and headaches.
This problem can be addressed via contacts or laser surgery.
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